Edge/ Tooth-leaved Croton

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COMMON NAME: Tooth-Leaved Croton

OTHER COMMON NAME(S): Glandular Croton

SCIENTIFIC NAME: Croton glandulosus

FAMILY: Euphorbiaceae

COMMUNITY: Edge

STATUS: Native

LIFESPAN: Annual

HEIGHT: 8 to 24 inches

FLOWERING TIME: Late July to August

FRUITING TIME: August to September

DISTRIBUTION: Throughout the Coastal Plain and north to Hunterdon  County in New Jersey

 

IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS: Leaves narrow, oblong, alternate, coarsely serrated with 1 or 2 large glands at the summit of the leaf-stalk ~ Small flower borne in condensed spike-like terminal groups

 

GENERAL INFORMATION: This large family (Euphorbiaceae) commonly called the Spurge Family consists of 321 genera and 7,950 species of herbs, shrubs, and trees found mostly in tropical and subtropical regions.  A family members (Hevea brasiliensis) supplies most of the world’s rubber. The family also includes poinsettia, castor bean, croton, Mexican jumping beans. Euphorbus was the Greek Physician of King Juba of Numidia, a Roman province in North Africa.  Spurge is derived from Old French espurgier--to purge. Tooth-Leaved Croton, and other members of this family, are abundant weeds in lawns and gardens. The genus name Croton is from the Greek meaning a “tick”, from the similarity of the seed to a tick.  This species glandulosus is named for the large glands found at the end of the leaf-stalk.

 

Please note: While harvesting wild berries/fruit is permitted at Island Beach State Park, visitors must adhere to park regulations at all times and must not damage vegetation or go off designated trails.  This information is presented for educational purposes.